is a town located in western New Haven County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 9,821 at the 2000 Census. There are several areas in Oxford:
Oxford belongs to the Naugatuck Valley Economic Development Region and the Central Naugatuck Valley Planning Area.
Oxford used to be a very rural town with a moderate farming population. However, a University of Connecticut development study spanning 1985-2006 showed Oxford had the largest increase of development by percentage, growing 62% during that time. The Central Naugatuck Valley Office of the Council of Governments' spokesperson stated upon learning of the development study expressed concern that heavy development could result in flooding.
65 percent of the town are registered Republicans. In Connecticut, Oxford is less conservative than only Greenwich, New Canaan, Middlebury, Southbury, Wilton and Avon. In Oxford, and most other New England conservative communities, residents tend to be socially liberal and fiscally conservative.
Oxford has two elementary schools: Quaker Farms School and Oxford Center School; one middle school: Great Oak Middle School; and a brand new high school: Oxford High School. Quaker Farms contains preschool through second grade, Center School houses grades three through five, and Great Oak has grades six through eight.
The town has just completed the construction of a new $47 million high school. Before the school was built, about half of Oxford's high school-aged population attended private schools in Oxford area, the most popular being Fairfield Preparatory, St. Joseph's School in Trumbull, Greens Farms Academy in Westport and Holy Cross High School in Waterbury. This exceptionally high number was a result of parents' dissatisfaction with the town not having its own high school. The other half were split between Seymour High School in Seymour and Masuk High School in Monroe. A small number of students from Oxford, if accepted, attend Nonnewaug High School in Woodbury or The Sound School in New Haven. Students currently in their freshman year and sophomore year of high school at Seymour High School and Masuk High School will return to Oxford High School for the rest of their high school years, becoming the first graduating classes of Oxford High School. Whereas, the juniors and seniors of the other schools will stay at their designated schools. Oxford High is a member of the South West Conference for athletics, competing with Bethel, Brookfield, Joel Barlow (Easton/Redding), Masuk (Monroe), New Fairfield, Newtown, Pomperaug (Southbury/Middlebury), and Weston, among others.