is the southernmost neighborhood of the city of Boston, Massachusetts. Hyde Park is home to a diverse range of people, housing types and social groups. It is an urban location with suburban characteristics.
The George Wright Golf Course, named for baseball Hall of Famer and Cincinnati Reds shortstop George Wright, is in Hyde Park. The golf course is a Donald Ross-designed course and is considered one of his finest designs.
Alpheus Perley Blake is considered the founder of Hyde Park and the organizer of the Twenty Associates who developed the town. The Twenty Associates, in addition to Blake, included William E. Abbot, Amos Angell, Ira L. Benton, Enoch Blake, John Newton Brown, George W. Currier, Hypolitus Fisk, John C. French, David Higgins, John S. Hobbs, Samuel Salmon Mooney, William Nightingale, J. Wentworth Payson, Dwight B. Rich, Alphonso Robinson, William H. Seavey, Daniel Warren, and John Williams. It was formed from parts of Dorchester, Milton, and Dedham and was incorporated April 26, 1868. Hyde Park was a separate town in Norfolk County until 1912 when it was annexed by the city of Boston and became part of Suffolk County.
The 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, which was one of the first official African-American units in the United States Army and was commanded by Col. Robert G. Shaw, was assembled and trained at Camp Meigs in Readville (now a neighborhood within Hyde Park), Massachusetts.
In the 1960s, Hyde Park threatened to secede from Boston over the city's plans to build its planned Southwest Expressway through the town, with interchanges at Gordon Avenue and Neponset Valley Parkway, displacing many residents in the process as it had in Roxbury and Jamaica Plain. Hyde Park has also faced other challenges along with its fellow Boston neighborhoods, such as the busing crisis of the 1970s.
Hyde Park has had an active industrial history. For nearly 130 years, it was the main base of the Westinghouse Sturtevant Corporation. The Readville area was home to the Stop & Shop warehouse until it moved to Assonet in the early 2000s. One of their original stores still stands on Truman Parkway STORE 47, in Hyde Park.
Hyde Park is home to many churches, most notably the Most Precious Blood, Saint Adalbert's and Saint Anne's Catholic Churches, and the Episcopal Parish of Christ Church (now Iglesia de San Juan) designed by Ralph Adams Cram and listed on the National Register of Historic Places.