Cities Near Manchester, NH
Local city information for Manchester, NH
is the largest city in the U.S. state of New Hampshire and the largest city of northern New England, an area comprising the states of Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont. It is in Hillsborough County on the banks of the Merrimack River. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 107,219. The estimated population in 2007 was 108,580. Manchester is the center of the Manchester, NH, New England City and Town Metropolitan Area
(NECTA MA), with a population in 2000 of 176,663, and is near the northern end of the BosWash megalopolis. As of the 2007 population estimate referred to above, Manchester is the most populous New England city north of Boston, and it has a population greater than Burlington, Vermont, and Portland, Maine, the most populous cities in their respective states, combined.
Pennacook Indians called it Namoskeag, meaning "good fishing place" -- a reference to the Amoskeag Falls in the Merrimack River. In 1722, John Goffe settled beside Cohas Brook, later building a dam and sawmill at what was dubbed Old Harry's Town. It was granted by Massachusetts in 1727 as Tyngstown to veterans of Queen Anne's War who served in 1703 under Captain William Tyng. But at New Hampshire's 1741 separation from Massachusetts, the grant was ruled invalid and substituted with Wilton, Maine, so Governor Benning Wentworth rechartered the town in 1751 as Derryfield
In 1807, Samuel Blodget opened a canal and lock system to allow vessels passage around the falls. He envisioned here a great industrial center, "the Manchester of America", like the Industrial Revolution's Manchester in England, the first industrialized city in the world. Sure enough, in 1809, Benjamin Prichard and others built a cotton spinning mill operated by water power on the western bank of the Merrimack. Following Blodgett's suggestion, Derryfield was renamed Manchester in 1810, the year the mill was incorporated as the Amoskeag Cotton & Woolen Manufacturing Company. It would be purchased in 1825 by entrepreneurs from Massachusetts, expanded to 3 mills in 1826, and then incorporated in 1831 as the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company.
On the eastern bank, Amoskeag engineers and architects planned a model company town, founded in 1838 with Elm Street as its main thoroughfare. Incorporated as a city in 1846, Manchester would become home to the largest cotton mill in the world -- Mill No. 11, stretching long by wide, and containing 4000 looms. Other products made in the community included shoes, cigars and paper. The Amoskeag foundry made rifles, sewing machines, textile machinery, fire engines, and locomotives in a division called the Amoskeag Locomotive Works (later, the Manchester Locomotive Works). The rapid growth of the mills demanded a large influx of workers, resulting in a flood of immigrants, particularly French Canadians. Many current residents descend from these workers. The Amoskeag Manufacturing Company went out of business in 1935, although its red brick mills have been renovated for other uses. Indeed, the mill town's 19th century affluence left behind some of the finest Victorian commercial, municipal and residential architecture in the state.
Manchester is nicknamed the Queen City. More recent nicknames for the city are ManchVegas, Funchester, ManchHattan, and simply "Manch". In 1998, Manchester was named the "Number One Small City in the East" by Money
magazine. The Mall of New Hampshire, on Manchester's southern fringe near the intersection of Interstates 93 and 293, is the city's main retail center. In 2001, the Verizon Wireless Arena, a venue seating more than 10,000, opened for major concerts and sporting events, enhancing the city's downtown revitalization efforts with a major hotel and convention center already in place directly across the street from the arena.
Image:Bridge St., West from Maple St., Manchester, NH.jpg|Bridge Street in 1909
Image:Soldiers' Monument, Manchester, NH.jpg|War Monument c. 1905
Image:Granite Street, West Manchester, NH.jpg|Granite Street c. 1900
Image:Old Fire Station, Manchester, NH.jpg|Old Fire Station in 1907
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