is a borough in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 896 at the July 2007 census, a -6.3% decline since 2000.
Lore has it that the name Shickshinny is an Indian word that roughly translates as "Land of the Five Mountains." In this case, Shickshinny is situated within five Appalachian mountains.
However, in "Indian Villages and Place Names in Pennsylvania," published in 1995 by Gateway Press Inc., Baltimore, (and originally published in 1928 in Harrisburg, PA) Dr. George P. Donehoo (p. 202) says the name probably meant "fine stream."
According to "The founding of the Shickshinny Borough," an undated Suburban News article posted on the website of the Historical and Preservation Society of the Greater Shickshinny Area, "the first permanent settler in what became Shickshinny was Ralph Austin of Connecticut. This was the period of Connecticut jurisdiction of 1782."
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km²), all of it land.